Interview for Southern Pine Electric Co-op’s Youth Tour Program
On Friday, January 11, twenty-four local
students were chosen to compete for the honor of being a 2019 Southern Pine
Electric Co-op Youth Tour representative. Students were chosen by faculty
members of their respective schools, based on academic achievements and
Students selected by their schools to participate in Youth Tour were: Front
Row (L to R): Divya Patel, Escambia County High School; Sarah Williams,
Sparta Academy; Maddie Hobbs, Excel High School; Ella Hart, T.R. Miller High
School; Anna Ruth Smith, Escambia Academy; Laura Grace King, Monroe County
High School; Anna Kate Moorer, Monroe Academy; Jack Booker, Excel High
School; Nathanael Salter, Sparta Academy; Noah Sheffield, J.U. Blacksher
High School; Joey Ramer, Escambia County High School and Totyanna Mims, J.F.
Shields High School
Back Row (L to R): Grayson Stacey, Monroe Academy; T.J. McCreary, Hillcrest
High School; Donna Jean Brewton, Hillcrest High School; Mattie White,
Flomaton High School; Michael Ledford, Flomaton High School; Sam LoDuca, T.R.
Miller High School; Chase Bell, Escambia Academy; Chandler Strength, W.S.
Neal High School; Jailen McKinney, W.S. Neal High School; Laurel Sims, J.U.
Blacksher High School; Mahari Stallworth, J.F. Shields High School and
Arthur Penn, Monroe County High School.
Illness Inspired Evergreen's Kedarius Ingram To Public
BIRMINGHAM, Ala. – Kedarius Ingram knows what it’s like
to feel hopeless.
When he was sick, he got so tired of trying. But he wanted a better life,
and with some help, he kept going. Now, as he prepares to graduate Dec. 15
with a degree in
public health from the
University of Alabama at Birmingham, he has a message for others who may
need to hear it: never give up.
Ingram came to UAB from Evergreen, Alabama, when he graduated from high
school. He struggled his first year, but found his footing when he joined
Blazer Male Excellence Network, which gave him the foundation and
fellowship he needed to be successful in school. Things were looking up.
Then, in 2015 during his sophomore year, he started feeling bad.
It began like a cold, with a runny nose, itchy throat and headaches. Then
it progressed, into flu-like symptoms with “really bad” migraine-type
headaches and body aches. Ingram did not have health insurance. He was going
to the emergency room once or twice a month, but the doctors there did not
find anything wrong.
“Nobody knows you better than you know yourself and your body,” Ingram
said. “I kept telling them ‘hey, something is wrong. I am getting sick.’”
Ingram knew that as a younger teen he had been treated for a condition
called fibrous dysplasia, an excessive bone growth tumor, but his
understanding was that it did not cause any damage or harm. The tests at the
ER seemed normal. Months rolled by, and Ingram kept getting sick.
After a year of sickness and fruitless visits to the emergency room,
Ingram decided to stop seeking help.
“I felt like nobody believed me, nobody understood what I was going
through,” Ingram said. “I felt like people thought I was lying. It hurt. I
just couldn’t take it anymore.”
One month later, he became “the sickest” he had ever been. Just as
before, it started like a cold, but this time grew much worse. A friend
checked on him, and got help right away. That night in the UAB Hospital
Emergency Department, Ingram was placed in the care of
Benjamin McGrew, M.D., the ear, nose and throat doctor in the
School of Medicine’s
Department of Otolaryngology. McGrew was the departments physician on
call and ordered another round of tests, many of which had been performed
previously. This time, though, McGrew saw something in the results. Ingram
was sent immediately to surgery, and he was treated by McGrew and
Mark Harrigan, M.D., a professor in the
Department of Neurosurgery.
It was determined that Ingram had a cholesteatoma, an abnormal,
noncancerous skin growth that can develop in the middle section of the ear,
behind the eardrum. It can be a birth defect, or more often, caused by
repeated middle ear infections. Doctors believed it caused a brain abscess.
Cholesteatomas are uncommon, and complications like brain abscesses
caused by cholesteatomas are rare, McGrew said of Ingram’s case. A brain
abscess is a serious medical condition and can cause significant problems,
including seizures, facial paralysis, confusion, loss of muscle function and
more. If left untreated, a brain abscess can be fatal or cause permanent
brain damage, because the swelling can disrupt blood and oxygen to the
brain, or it could rupture.
“I had to remind myself, ‘You are here for a reason.' Because of my
experience, what I went through in life pushed me to become the person I
am today, so I can move forward in life and help change others’ lives.”
Ingram also learned he did still have fibrous dysplasia.
“It formed another tumor, and that tumor caused several brain cysts and
those brain cysts caused several brain infections,” Ingram said. “So,
basically, my brain was being overwhelmed with the tumors and the cysts and
the infections, and it was excruciating pain. It was a horrible experience,
but if it wasn’t for Dr. McGrew saving my life at that time, I literally
wouldn’t be here today to be able to graduate this year with a degree in
After two surgeries, a three-month stay in the hospital, many months of
recuperation at home and work to overcome memory loss, Ingram came back to
school with a new purpose. Most people fully recover after a brain abscess
if it is caught early. On occasion there may be long-term neurological
problems such as body function issues, personality changes or seizures.
Brain abscesses can occasionally reoccur.
“I had to remind myself, ‘You are here for a reason,’” he said. “Because
of my experience, what I went through in life pushed me to become the person
I am today, so I can move forward in life and help change others’ lives.”
Ingram credits Chris Jones, director of UAB Student Affairs’
Multicultural and Diversity Programs, and Sharifa Wip, mentor programs
coordinator, for helping him stay in school and connecting him with the BMEN
network. Many others, he said, also provided tremendous support.
Ingram was a constant source of positive energy and excitement during his
time in the BMEN program, says Ingram’s lead mentor in BMEN, UAB alumnus and
former Student Government Association president Garrett Stephens.
“He motivated mentees and fellow mentors alike with his story, and his
commitment to attain his degree no matter the obstacles placed in front of
him,” Stephens said. “The BMEN program is stronger because of members like
After he healed, Ingram decided to pursue his degree in the
School of Public Health and study epidemiology, the study of how often
diseases occur in different groups of people and why, and hopes to become a
doctor himself. He also sought out a job researching brain cancer in a lab
at UAB, to learn more.
“I had no clue this was going on until it was almost too late,” Ingram
said. “The smallest thing can cause so much damage, permanent damage. I
could have lost my life. These experiences have opened my eyes to so many
Now Ingram says he wants to help other people like himself, and be the
change he wants to see.
“I didn’t think there was anyone out there who was going help me, that
wanted to help me or was willing to help me, and then it took me a while to
realize that I have to ask for help,” Ingram said. “I grew up in an
environment where as black men, we’re so used to doing things on our own and
trying to be the man, trying to show masculinity and show we don’t need
help, and we do. We don’t want to acknowledge that and it took me a while to
realize that I have to ask for help, and that’s what I did.
“Just continue to fight and keep pushing forward because you only need
that one person to help you,” Ingram said.
New Degree at Auburn Combines Wildlife,
Business and Hospitality
By DAVID RAINER
Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
Pay attention, high schoolers and parents. Students who love the outdoors
and plan to continue their education after graduation will have a new option
for a college degree rooted in the outdoors at Auburn University in 2019.
The undergraduate degree will be in Wildlife Enterprise Management with
training in wildlife sciences, business and hospitality. Auburn professors
Steve Ditchkoff and Mark Smith collaborated on developing the major in an
effort to fill a need in the outdoors community that doesn’t require a
wildlife biologist degree.
Heather Crozier, Director of Development at the Auburn School of Forestry
and Wildlife Sciences unveiled the program to outdoor writers recently at
the Southeastern Outdoor Press Association Conference in Florence, S.C.
Outdoor recreation generates about a $14 billion impact on the Alabama
economy and about $887 billion nationwide. Outdoors-related businesses and
companies support 135,000 jobs in Alabama.
“Our faculty did some surveys, and they found that in a 250-mile radius
of Auburn that there are 1,000 businesses that are wildlife
enterprise-related,” Crozier said. “This major will give us a unique
skillset for that industry. The students will also get a minor in business
so they will understand basic business principals.”
Crozier said the new degree program will utilize the facilities connected
to Auburn. The Deer Lab is a 400-plus-acre facility near Auburn at Camp Hill
where researchers study the genetics and physiology of white-tailed deer.
The Solon Dixon Forestry Education Center near Andalusia gives students
hands-on instruction in forestry, wildlife and natural resources management.
The Kreher Preserve and Nature Center on the outskirts of Auburn provides an
outdoors venue for a variety of nature programs.
Crozier said only one other college, Kansas State, offers a similar
degree with about 100 students in that program annually.
“When our students graduate with a Wildlife Enterprise Management degree,
we hope they will apply the principles of wildlife enterprise, understand
and apply the ecological principles in conservation biology and eco-tourism
and be a well-rounded student in hospitality and understand customer service
in food and beverage production and lodging,” Crozier said. “They will have
the skillset to be able to run a business as well as be able to effectively
market and advertise the wildlife- and outdoor-based enterprise.”
This curriculum will have a wildlife core with about 60 percent of the
courses in wildlife sciences and about 40 percent in business and
“Most of our students who go to work for fish and wildlife departments
are wildlife sciences majors and end up being wildlife biologists,” Crozier
said. “The students in the new program will not be wildlife biologists.”
Crozier said the graduates in the new degree can pursue jobs at hunting
lodges, shooting facilities, fishing resorts as well as guide services and
outdoor sport/adventure promotions.
“Dr. Ditchkoff and Dr. Smith were talking with people in the industry,
and they kept hearing, ‘We need students who understand business, who
understand customer expectations and who know about wildlife,’” she said.
“What they learned was several of the outfitters they talked to were going
to colleges and universities and recruiting wildlife students and teaching
them about hospitality and business. Or, they were recruiting hospitality
and business students and teaching them about wildlife. The industry said it
would really be nice if you could develop this specific product. We feel
like there is a market for it. They started exploring and realized how many
outdoor-enterprise businesses there were in that 250-mile radius of Auburn.
They realized, hey, there really is a niche for this type of degree.
“With Kansas State being the only other place that offered a similar
program, we just felt like we could fill that need.”
Pam Swanner of Alabama Black Belt Adventures agrees wholeheartedly.
“The Black Belt region has a rich history in the traditions of hunting
and fishing,” Swanner said. “It’s a natural fit that Auburn would create a
unique degree program to provide a skilled workforce trained in land
management, business and hospitality. At Auburn’s back door are more than 50
outfitters that can provide opportunities for student internships.
“Alabama Black Belt Adventures is partnering with AU’s School of Forestry
and Wildlife Sciences to assist in organizing internship placement in the
Black Belt region. We’re also introducing the faculty to the industry’s many
product companies and other organizations that have an interest in
supporting such a worthwhile program with scholarship funds to ensure a
prosperous future for our industry.”
Crozier said if you venture outside that 250-mile radius, the
possibilities become considerably greater. She said 40 students currently
enrolled at Auburn are waiting to pursue the new degree, and she expects the
program will eventually graduate between 100 and 150 annually.
“Just think about international,” she said. “It’s amazing how many
opportunities are out there. We expect these students to not only go to work
for hunting lodges, fishing lodges and shooting facilities, but also do
safaris in Africa, outdoor adventures anywhere in the world or become
representatives for outdoors companies. This is an extremely broad major
that does not limit our students to a specific area.
“We’re expecting the demand for this major to blossom and really
Crozier said an internship is not a part of the curriculum, but it is
highly suggested so that the students who go into this major will get some
“Dr. Ditchkoff and Dr. Smith are putting together a list of industry
contacts who are looking for interns,” she said. “It will be up to the
student to go find their internship. If we have a company or business that
wants to interview students, we will provide a place to do that and line the
students up to interview.
Crozier said the faculty plans to reach out to the outdoors industry to
identify what might be a current need or emerging need that could become an
area of focus or to adjust the curriculum.
“Being a brand new program, we do have some needs. We need to be able to
create partnerships with industry so that our students have places and
opportunities to intern,” she said. “We’re looking for corporate
sponsorships. Academic scholarships attract your best and brightest
students. We need mentors, speakers for classes, places to take students for
field tours, travel stipends for our students and faculty.”
Prospective students and parents can visit sfws.auburn.edu for more
information or call recruiter Wendy Franklin in the Student Services office
Black Bears on the Move in Alabama
By DAVID RAINER
Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
When the photo popped up on my smartphone, I wasn’t sure what it was.
Something was swimming in the south end of Mobile Bay, and I facetiously
asked, “Killer whale?”
The reply came back, “Black bear.” I expanded the photo, and, yep, there
was a telltale round, black ear. I knew this photo, taken by inshore fishing
guide Patrick Hill, would go viral.
However, as rare as this sighting may be, this is not the first time it’s
happened. About 20 or so years ago, a black bear swam the south end of
Mobile Bay, hung out on the Eastern Shore a little while, and swam back to
where he came from, probably headed toward a population of black bears in
the Grand Bay area.
Alabama Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries Division Large Carnivore
Coordinator Thomas Harms was not really surprised that a black bear took a
shortcut recently, headed west from the Fort Morgan area.
“We have bear pictures from Orange Beach and Fort Morgan and the Weeks
Bay area,” Harms said. “I think there is a corridor there. These bears
sometimes just make a big loop.
“Bears are excellent swimmers. It was probably just a young male on the
If anyone should see a bear, Harms said the main course of action is to
remain calm and let the bear leave the area.
“There’s no need to freak out if you see a bear,” he said. “It’s kind of
like my father taught me about chainsaws. He said don’t be scared of them
but respect them. It’s the same thing with animals. If you’re scared of it,
just like chainsaws, it has the potential to hurt you. With a bear, don’t
fear it. When you see one, give it space and let it go away on its own.
“We’ve never had a bear attack in Alabama. It’s even rare in the states
where the population densities of bears are much higher. Just give them
space, and let them know you’re there. They don’t see very well and don’t
hear very well. Say whatever you want to, just be loud and let them know
you’re there. They will typically turn around and leave.”
Harms said the black bear males in Alabama can reach weights of 250-300
pounds and live to be 15-20 years old. Females usually weigh 150-200 pounds.
Harms said the likely adult population of bears for the entire state is
estimated at 300-400 animals. The population in northeast Alabama has a
Georgia ancestry, while the southwest population has Florida roots.
He said a new small population has popped up in Conecuh National Forest
in Escambia County.
“I’ve got pictures of a sow with cubs in Conecuh National Forest,” Harms
said. “If you have a sow with cubs, you know you have a viable population of
bears living there.”
Harms said the annual cycle for black bears starts in February when the
sows drop their cubs. In April and May, the males start expanding their home
range first, followed by the females with the yearling cubs. The year-old
females will settle on the fringes of the mother’s home range, but the
yearling males are run completely out of the area, which is when the bulk of
the human contact occurs.
“These young males get pushed out by their mothers, and then they get
pushed even farther by the adult males,” Harms said. “These males are young
and dumb. If they detect a dominant male, usually by smell, they’ll keep
moving until they find a place where they don’t detect any other males.
These are typically the ones that get turned around and into the suburbs and
“The bulk of the calls we get this time of year is these young males
passing through people’s yards in downtown Birmingham. It happens every
year. We had one in downtown Daphne. One went from Georgia, through Alabama,
all the way to Mississippi. That bear may stay there, but it could turn
around and come back.”
Right now, June and July is the breeding season for Alabama bears, which
means the adult males will be on the move.
“The large adult males are looking around for receptive females this time
of year,” Harms said. “June and July is when the adult males are moving the
most. The home range for an adult male can be up to 59 square miles,
depending on the habitat. For females, the home range is about 20 square
“Habitat in the southwest part of the state is a lot better, which makes
the home range smaller than in northeast Alabama. It’s just the type of
habitat. You go from mountainous habitat in the northeast to bottomlands in
the southwest with tons of fruits, berries and vegetation. The bears live in
the bottomlands and use them for corridors. They go to the uplands to eat.
But they’re never too far from water. In the southwest, they don’t have to
go too far to the next drainage. In the northeast, they may have to cross a
mountain. They have to go much longer distances to get the same benefits.”
Harms said the bears in Alabama have a 94-percent vegetarian diet.
Because Alabama does not have harsh winters, the bears can thrive with much
less protein in the diet. He said bears are opportunistic meat eaters if
they stumble onto a whitetail fawn or surprise a rabbit.
“Bears can’t chase down a rabbit, and once a fawn is able to get up and
run, the bear can’t chase it down,” he said. “Bears can reach speeds of 35
miles per hour, but only for very short distances. They are not very good
predators. They will take advantage of any dead animals they come across,
sometimes called carrion. Deer that succumb to the rigors of winter and the
rut often become the main course for a lucky bear.”
Harms said bears in Alabama don’t really hibernate. During the few cold
days of winter, he said bears will do like humans and stay inside, sleeping
in their dens until the weather warms up again. The bears have put on the
fat for the winter and rarely travel far from the den area until spring.
In areas where known bear ranges are adjacent to suburban subdivisions,
Harms said homeowners need to make sure they don’t entice the bears to
venture onto their property.
“In some of these subdivisions, people like to put up feeders so they can
watch wildlife, like deer,” he said. “But there is a danger of bringing a
bear near your house. You need to make sure that feeder is a few hundred
yards away from the house. Make sure the bears can’t get to dog food or
anything like that. If a bear constantly comes close to a house, it’s going
to lose that fear of humans. Most bear attacks happen with bears that have
lost their fear of humans. We need to avoid that.”
In instances when it’s not practical to keep food sources from the bears,
Harms suggests using hot-wire fencing to deter the bears. Dogs bred to be
guard dogs can also help keep bears at bay.
“But, you don’t want a dog that will chase the bear,” Harms said. “The
dog will eventually catch up with the bear and may end up getting hurt when
the bear turns around to defend itself.”
Harms said there is a common myth a bear will stand on its hind legs
“The only reason bears get on their hind legs is to get their noses high
in the air so they can smell you,” he said.
Harms said anyone with an interest in black bears can visit
www.bearwise.org. The website is supported by the Southeastern
Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (SEAFWA). The Alabama Division of
Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries is a member of SEAFWA.
“The Bearwise website is a very good resource,” Harms said. “Any
questions you have about black bears will be answered on that website.”
Conservation Department Marks 110 Years
Fallen Conservation Officers Honored with Memorial Wall
110 years, the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources has
been protecting the state’s natural resources. Today, Gov. Kay Ivey and
department officials celebrated that service and dedicated a memorial to 12
Conservation Enforcement Officers who lost their lives in the line of duty.
behalf of our entire state, I thank the Alabama Department of Conservation
and Natural Resources for caring for our natural resources and wildlife for
the past 110 years,” Governor Ivey said.
1907, Rep. John H. Wallace, a conservation pioneer, introduced a proposal to
create Alabama’s Department of Game and Fish, now known as the Department of
Conservation and Natural Resources. The Alabama Legislature passed this
bill, which included provisions for a State Game Commissioner and many of
the most fundamental hunting laws.
Great strides have been made since the early days of horseback-mounted Game
Wardens to the present-day Conservation Enforcement Officers. Although
today’s officers use modern vehicles and equipment, they are still the front
line against poachers and others who don’t choose to lawfully follow
Alabama’s hunting and fishing laws and regulations.
am thankful for my career with the Alabama Department of Conservation and
Natural Resources,” said Conservation Commissioner Chris Blankenship. “I
know from personal experience how many dedicated employees work for this
department. Some of them work non-traditional hours and are frequently in
dangerous situations. I want to thank all of them for their service to the
State of Alabama.”
Since the Department’s creation in 1907, 12 officers have made the ultimate
sacrifice in the protection of Alabama’s natural resources.
Officers who lost their lives in the line of duty, date of death and county
of residence are as follows:
October 1, 1922, Montgomery County
March 19, 1932, Baldwin County
June 25, 1951, Randolph County
May 1, 1964, Morgan County
December 6, 1976, DeKalb County
December 24, 1978, Escambia County
November 28, 1982, Lowndes County
February 12, 1984, Pike County
January 26, 1985, Greene County
March 25, 2002, Fayette County
Lance Horner Jr.,
June 22, 2003, Clarke County
November 11, 2008, Chilton County
officers were recognized today through the dedication of a memorial wall in
their honor at the Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
headquarters office in Montgomery.
“Today, I had the privilege of honoring 12 officers who died in the line of
duty, making the ultimate sacrifice to protect Alabama’s natural resources.
Our state remains indebted to those who preserve our beautiful, sweet home,”
Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources promotes wise
stewardship, management and enjoyment of Alabama’s natural resources through
four divisions: Marine Resources, State Lands, State Parks, and Wildlife and
Freshwater Fisheries. To learn more about ADCNR, visit
writing this article myself and bringing up the details of this murder
through a rehash of court documents, I have chosen instead to link to this
article from The Montgomery Advertiser.
I will not be
including an article concerning this case in our July print edition in order
to spare the family of Ms. Clarene Haskew more local public disclosure,
however the people of Conecuh County have a right to know the latest
information concerning this case.